Back in the day, I was working for a company that did not have benefits and was not willing to accommodate my increasing chronic migraine issue. Understandably, I was distraught. Thankfully, my doctor at the time thought it prudent I take a leave of absence from work in order to find proper treatment. So number one when you find yourself in this spot is having a doctor that is willing to fill out the paperwork and also believes you should have a medical leave. So without benefits from an employer, you have the option, as a Canadian, to go on medical unemployment leave. It is not 100% of what you made, but it is something.
Then there is Canada Pension Plan (CPP) for peoples with disabilities. “CPP Disability is part of the Canada Pension Plan (CPP). It is designed to provide financial assistance to CPP contributors who are unable to work because of a severe and prolonged disability.” This is a bit tricky though and never tried going on it myself, due to the definition on ‘severe and prolonged’. I have heard it is hard to get on and stay on. However, when you use up your benefits at work, then your EI, you gotta do something. And you can apply for both medical EI and CPP at the same time, in fact, you should, because CPP is a far longer process and you do not want to starve in the interim.
Abilities Magazine offers a great deal of information for disabilities in Canada, browse their network to find resources in your area.
WORKink is a site dedicated to working with disabilities.
So there is some Canadian content info on disabilities and medical leave. Service Canada does supply a lot of the information you need, the hoops you need to jump through if you are looking for financial assistance.